Related Content: 400 million Chinese cannot speak Chinese, that is Mandarin Chinese?The natural assumption is always to look for uniformity, but the numbers simply do not match. Obviously some countries must speak more than one or even a handful of languages. France, for one, is the country in Europe with the highest level of language diversity, with French, Catalan, Breton, Gallo, Occitan and Alsatian being officially recognized, but with other regional languages like Basque and Dutch not being recognized, as well as Franco-Provençal, and Lorraine Franconian (a German dialect). At the time of the French Revolution, less than 50% of the people spoke "French" and speaking French became a sign of modernity, national identity and Illustration. But today we are going to deal with the country with the highest level of language diversity: Papua New Guinea.