What languages have influenced the Turkish language?
Throughout the history of Turkey, the Turkish language experienced influences from European languages, and from Arabic and Persian when Islam was embraced by Turks. Additionally, most medical, financial and fashion-related terms were imported to Turkish from French. Ottoman Turkish, which is the variety of Turkish that was spoken by the Ottoman Empire from the 14th to the 20th century, went through an influx of Arabic and Persian.
Other examples of Turkish words that come from Arabic are: aile (family), din (religion), insan (human), kalp (heart), takvim (calendar) and zaman (time). Other terms that reflect the French influence in Turkish are: kuaför (hairdresser), argo (slang), tuvalet (toilet), ekran (screen) and banliyö (suburbs). Ateş (fire), hafta (week) and taze (fresh) are examples of traces of Persian in Turkish.